A Begginers Guide to Cannabis Strains

With the varying types of strains being grown around the world, and the numbers scaling higher everyday it can be quite confusing when it comes to deciding on a strain. Whether you are lucky enough to live in a legalized state and would like to grow your own or if you are just feeding the curious monkey within, this cannabis strain guide will break things down for you.

Starting with Indica vs Sativa, there is also Ruderalis and now the infamous landstrains popping up anywhere you care to look. Identifying these strains can be as easy as looking at their name. For example the Auto Ak47, with the word auto for “automatic, or the word “ryder” such as in the Afghan Kush Ryder. More simpler still is the presence of “land names” as in the Alaskan Thunder F*ck found in Alaska and the LA Confidential Indica strain found in you guessed it, LA. If you would like to know more about the best states in which to smoke weed click here. Naming of the particular weed strain is made by the growers themselves and can also be used to identify specific characteristics in the bud. In the case of “Purple” Kush or “Blue” Dream expect to see the color on the bud itself. If that’s not what’s being delivered, move on to the next vendor.

Speaking of moving on, now that you understand what the names can mean, its time to look deeper into each type of weed strain.

Cannabis Sativa

C. Sativa first classified by Carl Linnaeus in 1753, is known for being tall, with long branches and narrow leaves, and has been used throughout history for a number of things, including ointments, for recreational use and most importantly medicinal purposes.Containing higher levels of CBD than C.Indica, this is ideal for patients hoping to use the magical healing properties of the plant. If you are interested in the recreational purposes of weed, then the other main difference to know when it comes to picking a strain is the desired body effects you are looking for. Sativa is considered the ideal strain for those daytime smokers looking for a more energized feel. So go ahead toke up and get to cleaning that overdue amount of plates piled up in your sink, while jamming to some old skool “because I got high”, except your lyrics will differ quite some.

Cannabis Indica

C. Indica, is that short little stubby plant you see being grown indoors with its wide leaves. This strain discovered in 1785, by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck was first identified in the regions of India (Hence the name). Comparing with C.Sativa, the medicinal purposes of this plant include ailing insomnia and anxiety, causing a more relaxed physically “stoned” feeling. This strain has higher levels of THC compared to the other 2 main strains and has been found ideal for night time smokers looking to relax after a long day in the rat-race. As a fact for growers throughout the world, it is advised to keep in mind the effects of cross-breeding this strain with C.Sativa, since it has a tendency to over power the genes. Examples of C. Indica include, Kush and Northern Lights.

Cannabis Ruderalis

Less common than its siblings, this species of Cannabis was identified in Russia by botanist Janischewski, in 1942. This is definitely the “black sheep” of the 3, with unique characteristics such as its “autoflowering” growth speed and its higher levels of CBD, compared to the higher THC in the other 2. Like C.Sativa, this species of cannabis is best for those wanting to consume for medicinal purposes. It can be used for treating depression and other mental disturbances. For growers, C. Ruderalis can be crossed with Sativa and Indica strains to produce a plant which is fully mature in 10 weeks and will flower automatically, making this the fastest growing raw resource in the world.


Landstrains are a new phenomenon popping up in the cannabis world and have become the product of time. As the name states, every land strain has a unique genetic make up based on their location of origin. Examples include Thai found in Thailand and Malawi Gold found in the African Malawi Lake. To find out more about the specifics of this relatively new strain check out this article written by our very own Mr.Zooken.

Now that you are knowledgeable on what the different Cannabis strains are and what their origins and main uses are, make sure to use the the Zooken search tool to find the strain nearest you.


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